A crane is a machine that is equipped with a hoist, chains or wire ropes and sheaves. It has been an indispensable tool in the construction, manufacturing and transportation industries throughout the years. Its chief uses include the following:
- loading and unloading of freight in airports and shipping ports
- assembling of heavy equipment in warehouses
- lifting and moving of materials and tools in construction sites
A crane is classified according to its use. The five major types of cranes are:
1) All terrain cranes. These are mobile cranes with steady bases. They are effective in performing demolition and lifting activities.
2) Floating cranes. These cranes are usually found on docks or big ships. They are used to build bridges and ports and to repair ships.
3) Loader cranes – As the name suggests, these cranes are used in loading or moving goods onto a trailer truck or other forms of transportation. They are equipped with hydraulic booms which provide extra lifting power.
4) Telescopic cranes. This type of crane is used to accomplish short term construction projects in cities and towns. These are equipped with a telescopic boom which can be increased or decreased in length.
5) Tower cranes. They are used in the construction of skyscrapers and other tall structures. It has a long horizontal jib that carries the load.
Buying cranes specifically for one time use is not practical. Hiring a crane is the better option because it can save you money and time. However, you must find a crane that suits your construction project. The questions in the infographic below will help you choose the type of crane you need.
Do you need more insights on hiring a crane? Check out other important FAQs here.